The 2014 Listening Project Report identified several research and data gaps related to Medicare. Among these was a need for greater understanding of end-of-life care and medicare’s hospice benefit. Although Medicare pays for care for eight in ten decedents annually, it is not the only payer for services received at the end-of-life. In response, this roadmap focuses on research related to Medicare’s role in providing and paying for services during the last part of beneficiaries’ lives, including through the Medicare hospice benefit. It was produced with the support of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.