This publication summarizes the key research questions identified by participants from a May 2015 multi-stakeholder meeting about the current evidence base and future research needs to address low-value care.

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To focus attention on the emerging and needed evidence base on low-value care, AcademyHealth partnered with the ABIM Foundation, the Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Branch (HSR&D), Kaiser Permanente, and the Hartford Foundation to convene a meeting in May 2015. This white paper is based on discussions conducted by sixty-six participants representing patients, researchers, health systems, purchasers, policymakers, and practitioners who gathered to discuss the current evidence base and prioritize future research needs. The key research questions address the measurement, data, and contextual issues around interventions that reduce low-value care, along with barriers and facilitators of the interventions.