When researchers and clinicians talk about trust in health care, they are almost always talking about patients’ trust in physicians. But patients can suffer when doctors do not trust them. In October 2020, Public Agenda released findings from representative surveys that compared the perspectives of people insured by Medicaid and the primary care physicians who treat them about what can build and damage mutual trust. Public Agenda’s survey findings show that most people with Medicaid and most primary care physicians who treat them believe that it is important both for doctors to trust their patients and for patients to trust their doctors. The research also found that most of these physicians and most people with Medicaid think doctors and patients should be equally responsible for building trust.