Dr. Jiang is a Christopher Sarofim family associate professor, CPRIT Scholar in Cancer Research, and center director for Health Security and Phenotyping in the School of Biomedical Informatics (SBMI) at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth). Before joining UThealth in 2018, he was an associate professor with tenure in the Department of Biomedical Informatics (DBMI) at UCSD. He is an associate editor of BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making and serves as the editorial board member of the Journal of American Medical Informatics Association. He works primarily in health data privacy and predictive models in biomedicine based on his Computer Science Ph.D. training from Carnegie Mellon University. In the last five years, he received NIH R00, R13, R21, R01, U01, OT3 grants as PI, obtained career awards like CPRIT Rising Stars and UT Stars, and won the best and distinguished paper awards from American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) Joint Summits on Translational Science (2012, 2013, 2016). He is one of the organizers of the iDASH Genome Privacy competition (2014 - present), which was reported by Nature News and GenomeWeb.

Xiaoqian Jiang is a 2019 grantee of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Health Data for Action program, managed by AcademyHealth.