Shoshanna Sofaer is a Managing Researcher at the American Institutes for Research (AIR), a non-profit research and technical assistance organization whose mission is to apply social science research methods to improving the lives of people, in particular those who are most vulnerable.  From 1998 through 2014, she was the Robert P. Luciano Professor of Health Care Policy at the School of Public Affairs, Baruch College, City University of New York (CUNY), and a faculty member for the CUNY Doctoral Program in Public Health.  Dr. Sofaer is completing her first term as a member of the Board of AcademyHealth and seeks re-election.  She is a member of the AcademyHealth Membership Committee and its new Communication Committee.  In addition, as a Board member, she has supported, and intends to continue to support, the Academy’s efforts in diversity and inclusion in health services and policy research.  Dr. Sofaer was an original member of the Methods Council, and has participated frequently in designing and carrying out methods workshops both around and at the Annual Research Meeting in her specialty areas of Qualitative and Mixed Methods. On her last sabbatical, Dr. Sofaer served as a Senior Fellow at AcademyHealth focusing on strengthening Public Health Services and Systems Research and on improving the impact of health services and policy research on both policy and practice.   

Dr. Sofaer’s research interests span multiple topics. For nearly 30 years, she has led or co-led studies to increase the extent to which members of the public can productively engage in their own health and health care, as well as in health policy decision-making. Her research often focuses on designing and testing interventions. She created and experimentally tested a new method to provide comparative information on the financial consequences of alternative health care coverage options to people with Medicare in the 1980’s. She has developed and evaluated multiple comparative cost and quality reports, gathered patient input on a wide range of proposed quality measures, and helped design and test specific engagement strategies for hospital patients and their families. She has developed and assessed the use of a public deliberation method to get input from the public on cost-effectiveness research and participated in a major randomized trial at AIR of how effective four such deliberative methods are in getting meaningful public input on ethical and social value issues related to comparative effectiveness research.  Her work has also involved studies of multi-stakeholder community health coalitions and multiple program evaluations, of both individual programs and clusters of programs.  Her most significant current evaluation uses a randomized controlled trial to assess an initiative by the City of New York to improve health care access for immigrants who are ineligible for public health insurance.  Also at AIR, she has been Deputy Director of a project to develop and implement an experience survey for people enrolled in Qualified Health Plans through the federal and state marketplaces.  

Dr. Sofaer helped to organize an AHRQ-sponsored meeting on qualitative research methods in 1998 which resulted in a special issue of Health Services Research that she co-edited. She provides training to AcademyHealth members, Commonwealth Fund Harkness Fellows and other researchers on the rigorous use of these methods, and serves as a methods consultant to many studies. She is on the Editorial Boards of Health Services Research and Medical Care Research and Review. She served on the AHRQ Health Systems Research study section for four years and has been a member of half a dozen study committees for the Institute of Medicine, including the three and a half year study of the Consequences of Uninsurance; she led the final sub-committee of this effort, which generated and published a volume describing principles and recommendations for achieving universal coverage.

Dr. Sofaer received her master’s and doctoral degrees in Public Health from the University of California, Berkeley and completed her bachelor’s degree in political science at Barnard College.

Authored by Shoshanna Sofaer, Dr.P.H.


Navigating the Translation and Dissemination of PHSSR Findings: A Decision Guide for Researchers

At each stage of the research process, specific steps can increase the likelihood that findings will be implemented into policy and public health practice. This guide provides case studies, key crosscutting themes, and resources for researchers to use to ensure that their findings are relevant, usable, and easily accessible.
Professional Development

Using Mixed Methods Appropriately and Rigorously

This two-part webinar series, taught by Dr. Shoshanna Sofaer, explores mixed methods study design and data collection, analysis, and interpretation. Practical guidance on using software and presenting study results is provided.
Professional Development

An Introduction to Mixed Methods

This webinar features an introduction to mixed methods and includes applied examples from public health services and systems research (PHSSR). The course is intended for researchers at all levels as well as practitioners looking to translate research findings. Those with training in mixed methods are also encouraged to participate, in order to refresh their knowledge of current best practices.